8.1.5. cltk.dependency package

Init for cltk.dependency.

8.1.5.1. Submodules

8.1.5.2. cltk.dependency.processes module

Process classes for accessing the Stanza project.

class cltk.dependency.processes.StanzaProcess(language: str = None)[source]

Bases: cltk.core.data_types.Process

A Process type to capture everything that the stanza project can do for a given language.

Note

stanza has only partial functionality available for some languages.

>>> from cltk.languages.example_texts import get_example_text
>>> process_stanza = StanzaProcess(language="lat")
>>> isinstance(process_stanza, StanzaProcess)
True
>>> from stanza.models.common.doc import Document
>>> output_doc = process_stanza.run(Doc(raw=get_example_text("lat")))
>>> isinstance(output_doc.stanza_doc, Document)
True
language: str = None
algorithm
run(input_doc)[source]
Return type

Doc

static stanza_to_cltk_word_type(stanza_doc)[source]

Take an entire stanza document, extract each word, and encode it in the way expected by the CLTK’s Word type.

>>> from cltk.dependency.processes import StanzaProcess
>>> from cltk.languages.example_texts import get_example_text
>>> process_stanza = StanzaProcess(language="lat")
>>> cltk_words = process_stanza.run(Doc(raw=get_example_text("lat"))).words
>>> isinstance(cltk_words, list)
True
>>> isinstance(cltk_words[0], Word)
True
>>> cltk_words[0]
Word(index_char_start=None, index_char_stop=None, index_token=0, index_sentence=0, string='Gallia', pos=noun, lemma='Gallia', stem=None, scansion=None, xpos='A1|grn1|casA|gen2', upos='NOUN', dependency_relation='nsubj', governor=1, features={Case: [nominative], Gender: [feminine], Number: [singular]}, category={F: [neg], N: [pos], V: [neg]}, stop=None, named_entity=None, syllables=None, phonetic_transcription=None, definition=None)
class cltk.dependency.processes.GreekStanzaProcess(language: str = 'grc', description: str = 'Default process for Stanza for the Ancient Greek language.')[source]

Bases: cltk.dependency.processes.StanzaProcess

Stanza processor for Ancient Greek.

language: str = 'grc'
description: str = 'Default process for Stanza for the Ancient Greek language.'
class cltk.dependency.processes.LatinStanzaProcess(language: str = 'lat', description: str = 'Default process for Stanza for the Latin language.')[source]

Bases: cltk.dependency.processes.StanzaProcess

Stanza processor for Latin.

language: str = 'lat'
description: str = 'Default process for Stanza for the Latin language.'
class cltk.dependency.processes.OCSStanzaProcess(language: str = 'chu', description: str = 'Default process for Stanza for the Old Church Slavonic language.')[source]

Bases: cltk.dependency.processes.StanzaProcess

Stanza processor for Old Church Slavonic.

language: str = 'chu'
description: str = 'Default process for Stanza for the Old Church Slavonic language.'
class cltk.dependency.processes.OldFrenchStanzaProcess(language: str = 'fro', description: str = 'Default process for Stanza for the Old French language.')[source]

Bases: cltk.dependency.processes.StanzaProcess

Stanza processor for Old French.

language: str = 'fro'
description: str = 'Default process for Stanza for the Old French language.'
class cltk.dependency.processes.GothicStanzaProcess(language: str = 'got', description: str = 'Default process for Stanza for the Gothic language.')[source]

Bases: cltk.dependency.processes.StanzaProcess

Stanza processor for Gothic.

language: str = 'got'
description: str = 'Default process for Stanza for the Gothic language.'
class cltk.dependency.processes.CopticStanzaProcess(language: str = 'cop', description: str = 'Default process for Stanza for the Coptic language.')[source]

Bases: cltk.dependency.processes.StanzaProcess

Stanza processor for Coptic.

language: str = 'cop'
description: str = 'Default process for Stanza for the Coptic language.'
class cltk.dependency.processes.ChineseStanzaProcess(language: str = 'lzh', description: str = 'Default process for Stanza for the Classical Chinese language.')[source]

Bases: cltk.dependency.processes.StanzaProcess

Stanza processor for Classical Chinese.

language: str = 'lzh'
description: str = 'Default process for Stanza for the Classical Chinese language.'
class cltk.dependency.processes.TreeBuilderProcess(language: str = None)[source]

Bases: cltk.core.data_types.Process

A Process that takes a doc containing sentences of CLTK words and returns a dependency tree for each sentence.

TODO: JS help to make this work, illustrate better.

>>> from cltk import NLP
>>> nlp = NLP(language="got", suppress_banner=True)
>>> from cltk.dependency.processes import TreeBuilderProcess
>>> nlp.pipeline.add_process(TreeBuilderProcess)  
>>> from cltk.languages.example_texts import get_example_text  
>>> doc = nlp.analyze(text=get_example_text("got"))  
>>> len(doc.trees)  
4
algorithm(doc)[source]

8.1.5.3. cltk.dependency.stanza module

Wrapper for the Python Stanza package. About: https://github.com/stanfordnlp/stanza.

class cltk.dependency.stanza.StanzaWrapper(language, treebank=None, stanza_debug_level='ERROR', interactive=True, silent=False)[source]

Bases: object

CLTK’s wrapper for the Stanza project.

nlps = {}
parse(text)[source]

Run all available stanza parsing on input text.

>>> from cltk.languages.example_texts import get_example_text
>>> stanza_wrapper = StanzaWrapper(language='grc', stanza_debug_level="INFO", interactive=False, silent=True)
>>> greek_nlp = stanza_wrapper.parse(get_example_text("grc"))
>>> from stanza.models.common.doc import Document, Token
>>> isinstance(greek_nlp, Document)
True
>>> nlp_greek_first_sent = greek_nlp.sentences[0]
>>> isinstance(nlp_greek_first_sent.tokens[0], Token)
True
>>> nlp_greek_first_sent.tokens[0].text
'ὅτι'
>>> nlp_greek_first_sent.tokens[0].words
[{
  "id": 1,
  "text": "ὅτι",
  "lemma": "ὅτι",
  "upos": "ADV",
  "xpos": "Df",
  "head": 13,
  "deprel": "advmod",
  "start_char": 0,
  "end_char": 3
}]
>>> nlp_greek_first_sent.tokens[0].start_char
0
>>> nlp_greek_first_sent.tokens[0].end_char
3
>>> nlp_greek_first_sent.tokens[0].misc
>>> nlp_greek_first_sent.tokens[0].pretty_print()
'<Token id=1;words=[<Word id=1;text=ὅτι;lemma=ὅτι;upos=ADV;xpos=Df;head=13;deprel=advmod>]>'
>>> nlp_greek_first_sent.tokens[0].to_dict()
[{'id': 1, 'text': 'ὅτι', 'lemma': 'ὅτι', 'upos': 'ADV', 'xpos': 'Df', 'head': 13, 'deprel': 'advmod', 'start_char': 0, 'end_char': 3}]
>>> first_word = nlp_greek_first_sent.tokens[0].words[0]
>>> first_word.id
1
>>> first_word.text
'ὅτι'
>>> first_word.lemma
'ὅτι'
>>> first_word.upos
'ADV'
>>> first_word.xpos
'Df'
>>> first_word.feats
>>> first_word.head
13
>>> first_word.parent
[
  {
    "id": 1,
    "text": "ὅτι",
    "lemma": "ὅτι",
    "upos": "ADV",
    "xpos": "Df",
    "head": 13,
    "deprel": "advmod",
    "start_char": 0,
    "end_char": 3
  }
]
>>> first_word.misc
>>> first_word.deprel
'advmod'
>>> first_word.pos
'ADV'
_load_pipeline()[source]

Instantiate stanza.Pipeline().

TODO: Make sure that logging captures what it should from the default stanza printout. TODO: Make note that full lemmatization is not possible for Old French

>>> stanza_wrapper = StanzaWrapper(language='grc', stanza_debug_level="INFO", interactive=False, silent=True)
>>> with suppress_stdout():    nlp_obj = stanza_wrapper._load_pipeline()
>>> isinstance(nlp_obj, stanza.pipeline.core.Pipeline)
True
>>> stanza_wrapper = StanzaWrapper(language='fro', stanza_debug_level="INFO", interactive=False, silent=True)
>>> with suppress_stdout():    nlp_obj = stanza_wrapper._load_pipeline()
>>> isinstance(nlp_obj, stanza.pipeline.core.Pipeline)
True
_is_model_present()[source]

Checks if the model is already downloaded.

>>> stanza_wrapper = StanzaWrapper(language='grc', stanza_debug_level="INFO", interactive=False, silent=True)
>>> stanza_wrapper._is_model_present()
True
Return type

bool

_download_model()[source]

Interface with the stanza model downloader.

Return type

None

_get_default_treebank()[source]

Return description of a language’s default treebank if none supplied.

>>> stanza_wrapper = StanzaWrapper(language='grc', stanza_debug_level="INFO", interactive=False, silent=True)
>>> stanza_wrapper._get_default_treebank()
'proiel'
Return type

str

_is_valid_treebank()[source]

Check whether for chosen language, optional treebank value is valid.

>>> stanza_wrapper = StanzaWrapper(language='grc', treebank='proiel', stanza_debug_level="INFO", interactive=False, silent=True)
>>> stanza_wrapper._is_valid_treebank()
True
Return type

bool

is_wrapper_available()[source]

Maps an ISO 639-3 language id (e.g., lat for Latin) to that used by stanza (la); confirms that this is a language the CLTK supports (i.e., is it pre-modern or not).

>>> stanza_wrapper = StanzaWrapper(language='grc', stanza_debug_level="INFO", interactive=False, silent=True)
>>> stanza_wrapper.is_wrapper_available()
True
Return type

bool

_get_stanza_code()[source]

Using known-supported language, use the CLTK’s internal code to look up the code used by Stanza.

>>> stanza_wrapper = StanzaWrapper(language='grc', stanza_debug_level="INFO", interactive=False, silent=True)
>>> stanza_wrapper._get_stanza_code()
'grc'
>>> stanza_wrapper.language = "xxx"
>>> stanza_wrapper._get_stanza_code()
Traceback (most recent call last):
  ...
KeyError: 'Somehow ``StanzaWrapper.language`` got renamed to something invalid. This should never happen.'
Return type

str

classmethod get_nlp(language, treebank=None)[source]

8.1.5.4. cltk.dependency.tree module

A data structure for representing dependency tree graphs.

class cltk.dependency.tree.Form(form, form_id=0)[source]

Bases: xml.etree.ElementTree.Element

For the word (ie, node) of a dependency tree and its attributes. Inherits from the Element class of Python’s xml.etree library.

>>> desc_form = Form('described')
>>> desc_form
described_0
>>> desc_form.set('Tense', 'Past')
>>> desc_form
described_0
>>> desc_form / 'VBN'
described_0/VBN
>>> desc_form.full_str()
'described_0 [Tense=Past,pos=VBN]'
get_dependencies(relation)[source]

Extract dependents of this form for the specified dependency relation.

>>> john = Form('John', 1) / 'NNP'
>>> loves = Form('loves', 2) / 'VRB'
>>> mary = Form('Mary', 3) / 'NNP'
>>> loves >> john | 'subj'
subj(loves_2/VRB, John_1/NNP)
>>> loves >> mary | 'obj'
obj(loves_2/VRB, Mary_3/NNP)
>>> loves.get_dependencies('subj')
[subj(loves_2/VRB, John_1/NNP)]
>>> loves.get_dependencies('obj')
[obj(loves_2/VRB, Mary_3/NNP)]
Return type

List[Dependency]

full_str(include_relation=True)[source]

Returns a string containing all features of the Form. The ID is attached to the text, and the relation is optionally suppressed.

>>> loves = Form('loves', 2) / 'VRB'
>>> loves.full_str()
'loves_2 [pos=VRB]'
>>> john = Form('John', 1) / 'NNP'
>>> loves >> john | 'subj'
subj(loves_2/VRB, John_1/NNP)
>>> john.full_str(True)
'John_1 [pos=NNP,relation=subj]'
Return type

str

static to_form(word)[source]

Converts a CLTK Word object to a Form.

TODO: The Form info that prints is incomplete/ugly; correct str repr of Form TODO: Fix these doctests; it’s ugly to import so many Forms, but is this required?

>>> from cltk.morphology.universal_dependencies_features import Case, Gender, Number, POS
>>> noun = POS.noun
>>> nominative = Case.nominative
>>> feminine = Gender.feminine
>>> singular = Number.singular
>>> cltk_word = Word(index_char_start=None, index_char_stop=None, index_token=0, index_sentence=0, string='Gallia', pos=noun, lemma='Gallia', stem=None, scansion=None, xpos='A1|grn1|casA|gen2', upos='NOUN', dependency_relation='nsubj', governor=1, features={Case: [nominative], Gender: [feminine], Number: [singular]}, category={F: [neg], N: [pos], V: [neg]}, stop=False, named_entity='LOCATION', syllables=None, phonetic_transcription=None, definition='')  
>>> cltk_word.features[Case] = Case.nominative  
>>> cltk_word.features[Gender] = Gender.feminine  
>>> cltk_word.features[Number] = Number.singular  
>>> f = Form.to_form(cltk_word)  
>>> f.full_str()  
'Gallia_0 [lemma=mallis,pos=NOUN,upos=NOUN,xpos=A1|grn1|casA|gen2,Case=nominative,Gender=feminine,Number=singular]'
Return type

Form

class cltk.dependency.tree.Dependency(head, dep, relation=None)[source]

Bases: object

The asymmetric binary relationship (or edge) between a governing Form (the “head”) and a subordinate Form (the “dependent”).

In principle the relationship could capture any form-to-form relation that the systems deems of interest, be it syntactic, semantic, or discursive.

If the relation attribute is not speficied, then the dependency simply states that there’s some asymmetric relationship between the head and the dependenent. This is an untyped dependency.

For a typed dependency, a string value is supplied for the relation attribute.

class cltk.dependency.tree.DependencyTree(root)[source]

Bases: xml.etree.ElementTree.ElementTree

The hierarchical tree representing the entirety of a parse.

get_dependencies()[source]

Returns a list of all the dependency relations in the tree, generated by depth-first search.

>>> from cltk.languages.example_texts import get_example_text
>>> from cltk.dependency.processes import StanzaProcess
>>> process_stanza = StanzaProcess(language="lat")
>>> output_doc = process_stanza.run(Doc(raw=get_example_text("lat")))
>>> a_sentence = output_doc.sentences[0]
>>> t = DependencyTree.to_tree(a_sentence)
>>> len(t.get_dependencies())
28
Return type

List[Dependency]

print_tree(all_features=False)[source]

Prints a pretty-printed (indented) representation of the dependency tree. If all_features is True, then each node is printed with its complete feature bundles.

static to_tree(sentence)[source]

Factory method to create trees from sentences parses, i.e. lists of words.

>>> from cltk.languages.example_texts import get_example_text
>>> from cltk.dependency.processes import StanzaProcess
>>> process_stanza = StanzaProcess(language="lat")
>>> output_doc = process_stanza.run(Doc(raw=get_example_text("lat")))
>>> a_sentence = output_doc.sentences[0]
>>> t = DependencyTree.to_tree(a_sentence)
>>> t.findall(".")
[divisa_3/adjective]
Return type

DependencyTree

8.1.5.5. cltk.dependency.utils module

Misc helper functions for extracting dependency info from CLTK data structures.

cltk.dependency.utils.get_governor_word(word, sentence)[source]

Submit a Word and a sentence (being a list of Word) and then return the governing word.

Return type

Optional[Word]

cltk.dependency.utils.get_governor_relationship(word, sentence)[source]

Get the dependency relationship of a dependent to its governor.

Return type

Optional[Any]