8.1.12.1.6. cltk.phonology.grc package

Ancient Greek phonology

8.1.12.1.6.1. Submodules

8.1.12.1.6.2. cltk.phonology.grc.phonology module

Ancient Greek phonology tools

class cltk.phonology.grc.phonology.GreekTranscription[source]

Bases: object

Ancient Greek transcriber

transcribe(word)[source]
Parameters

word (str) – word to transcribe

Return type

str

Returns

transcribed word

class cltk.phonology.grc.phonology.GreekSyllabifier[source]

Bases: object

syllabify(word)[source]
>>> GreekTranscription().transcribe("Ὀδύσσεια")
'o.dýs.sẹː.ɑ'
Parameters

word (str) – word to syllabify

Return type

List[str]

Returns

syllabified word

8.1.12.1.6.3. cltk.phonology.grc.transcription module

Convert a word from Greek orthography into its hypothesized pronunciation in the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA).

https://raw.githubusercontent.com/j-duff/cltk/ipa/ cltk/phonology/greek/transcription.py

class cltk.phonology.grc.transcription.Phone(ipa_ch)[source]

Bases: object

A phonological unit to be manipulated and represented as an IPA string.

class cltk.phonology.grc.transcription.Word(ipa_str, root)[source]

Bases: object

Max. phonological unit, contains phones and triggers alternations.

_refresh()[source]

Assigns left and right contexts for every phone

_r_devoice()[source]

Pronounce r as voiceless word-init or after another r.

_s_voice_assimilation()[source]

Pronounce s as voiced (z) when followed by voiced.

_nasal_place_assimilation()[source]

Pronounce nasals/g as velar nasals when followed by velar.

_g_nasality_assimilation()[source]

Pronounce g as (velar) nasal when followed by nasal.

ALTERNATIONS = [('r_devoice', <function Word._r_devoice>), ('s_voice_assimilation', <function Word._s_voice_assimilation>), ('nasal_place_assimilation', <function Word._nasal_place_assimilation>), ('g_nasality_assimilation', <function Word._g_nasality_assimilation>)]
syllabify()[source]
Return type

List[str]

Returns

syllabified word

class cltk.phonology.grc.transcription.Transcriber(dialect, reconstruction)[source]

Bases: object

Uses a reconstruction to transcribe a orthographic string into IPA.

_parse_diacritics(ch)[source]
Parameters

ch – EG: input with base α -> α/ACCENT/ETC/ (where ETC includes diaeresis, iota subscripts, and macrons)

Returns

a string with separated and organized diacritics for easier access later.

_prep_text(text)[source]

Performs preparatory tasks grouping and reordering characters in order to make transcription formulaic. :param text: :return:

transcribe(text, accentuate=True, syllabify=True)[source]
>>> blackwell_transcriber = Transcriber("Attic", "Probert")
>>> example = blackwell_transcriber.transcribe("δέκατον μὲν ἔτος τόδ᾽ ἐπεὶ Πριάμου μέγας ἀντίδικος, Μενέλαος ἄναξ ἠδ᾽ Ἀγαμέμνων, διθρόνου Διόθεν καὶ δισκήπτρου τιμῆς ὀχυρὸν ζεῦγος Ἀτρειδᾶν στόλον Ἀργείων χιλιοναύτην, τῆσδ᾽ ἀπὸ χώρας")
>>> example
'[dé.kɑ.ton men é.tos tód e.pẹː pri.ɑ́.mọː mé.gɑs ɑn.tí.di.kos me.né.lɑ.os ɑ́.nɑks ɛːd ɑ.gɑ.mém.nɔːn di.tʰró.nọː di.ó.tʰen kɑj dis.kɛ́ːp.trọː ti.mɛ̂ːs o.kʰy.ron zdêw.gos ɑ.trẹː.dɑ̂n stó.lon ɑr.gẹ́ː.ɔːn kʰi.li.o.nɑ́w.tɛːn tɛ̂ːzd ɑ.po kʰɔ́ː.rɑs]'
Parameters
  • text – word-tokenized, stripped of non-diacritic punctuation, and diphthongs and diacritics are handled

  • accentuate – if True, result is accentuated

  • syllabify – if True, result if syllabified

Returns

transcribed text